This chapter deals with security, including the following topics: Passwords and keychains Data encryption and FileVault Other security features. Connecting to the Internet. One of the first things you may want to do once you get Leopard set up is to get it connected to the Internet. Depending on your connection, this could range from ridiculously easy to just fairly easy Connecting via dial-up Connecting via a broadband Internet connection Connecting to a high-speed Internet connection.
Mail, Address Book, and iCal. The Mail application in Leopard has undergone some significant changes. Although it has always been capable of managing e-mail, the new version can also manage notes and RSS feeds. Additionally, Mail has improved integration with Address Book and iCal to help provide a unified time and contact management solution. In this chapter, we will cover all three applications: Mail Address Book iCal. Instant messaging has been gaining popularity over the last few years as the Internet communication method of choice for many situations.
Second, it adds lots of cool features that go beyond simple text chat, including voice and video chat. Application Basics. These tasks include the following: Apple Apps Included with Leopard. This chapter is going to go over some of these applications that are particularly useful, including the following: Included are applications for photo management and workflow iPhoto , digital video editing iMovie , audio and music production GarageBand , web site creation iWeb , and an application to take your media and create DVDs iDVD.
We will cover the following: Apple has been producing office suites for its computers on and off since it introduced one of the first office suites for the Apple II called AppleWorks. It was renamed AppleWorks when parts of Claris were reabsorbed back into Apple the remaining parts of Claris were formed into FileMaker, which makes the wonderful FileMaker Pro database. Introducing Darwin and the Shell. When Terminal is launched, it will open up a terminal window running a shell program, as shown in Figure Extending the Power of Darwin. After the previous chapter, we hope you are at least somewhat comfortable working in Darwin.
An introduction to shell scripting An overview of Perl, Python, and Ruby, which are three powerful scripting languages included with Leopard How to find and install a range of additional applications using MacPorts and Fink How to custom compile a Darwin application from the source code. Leopard Networking. The Mac is known for making it easy and safe to get online.
You might even say they were made for each other. Firewall software: Improved with Leopard to make it easier than ever to keep your computer safe on the Internet Monitoring tools: To keep an eye on what your computer is doing, online and off Network utilities: For inspecting your packets from the UI or the command line AirPort utilities: For setting up and managing wireless networks and shared resources.
Working with Remote Servers and Networks. Chances are you connect to remove servers and networks every day without really thinking about it.
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Those packets adhere to a particular protocol, in this case the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, and they traverse networks around the globe seeking the particular port at the particular address of the particular server that has your requested content. Leopard As a Web Server. There are several reasons why you might want to host a web site on Mac OS X.
Probably the most common is so you can develop web sites on your local machine before uploading finalized updates to your server. When you have some boring, repetitive task to do, you probably wish you could foist it off on an intern or on a really smart robot.
Mac OS X Development: The Application Frameworks. What is it about the Mac that makes it so compelling? Almost anyone you ask will surely tell you the same thing: But what does that mean? What lies at the heart of the Mac OS X user experience?
Mac OS X Leopard: Beyond the Manual
The Tools. Imagine if, when you bought your car, the trunk came fully loaded with every tool you needed to fix and maintain it. Not just a simple screwdriver and ratchet set, but the same specialized computer-driven data analysis and optimization tools used by professional mechanics. Believe it or not, this is the way computers used to be.
Mac OS X Leopard
An innovative syntax makes it far more readable than any other C-like language. It is object-oriented, so projects are organized and understandable. It is natively compiled, outperforming any interpreted language. It has a dynamic runtime, making it is as flexible as a scripting language.
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It augments, rather than replaces, C, letting programmers get close to the machine if they must. It is designed for ease of use, especially Objective-C 2. Occasionally while using Leopard, you may find it necessary to utilize resources intended for other operating systems. This chapter will show you how your Mac can do the following: You can view help on a server or an administrator computer. The road map below shows some related documentation that you may need to fully configure your desired service to your specifications.
Search for a word or phrase to see a list of places where it appears in the document. Getting Documentation Updates Periodically, Apple posts revised help pages and new editions of guides. Some revised help pages update the latest editions of the guides. Open-source VNC viewer software is available. GPU for general computational tasks.
Server Admin is reinforced with improvements in standards support and reliability. Server Admin also delivers a number of The following table highlights the capabilities of each configuration tool. Service Set in initial server setup Address book Optional Backup your data websites, databases, calendar files, etc. Instead of developing proprietary server technologies, Apple has built on the best open source projects: Mac OS X Server integrates these robust technologies and enhances them with a unified, consistent management interface. Kerberos password server to provide directory and authentication services to Mac, Windows, and Linux clients.
Mac OS X Server supports most major service protocols for maximum compatibility, including: Chapter 1 System Overview and Supported Standards The major goals of the planning phase are to make sure that: Distributing services among servers requires an understanding of users and services. Mac OS X Server settings. The second aspect is largely a matter of determining the support you want Mac OS X Server to provide to non-Apple computer users.
For example, if you use Mac OS X Server to provide DHCP, network time, or BootP services to other servers, you should set up the servers that provide these services and initiate the services before you set up servers that depend on those services. The amount of setup infrastructure you require depends on the complexity of your site and what you want to accomplish.
For example, you might not want to set up a server whose data you want to mirror until all disk drives you need for mirroring are available. Understanding Backup and Restore Policies There are many reasons to have a backup and restore policy. Your data is subject to failure because of failed components, natural or manmade disasters, or data corruption.
Sometimes data loss is beyond your control to prevent, but with a backup and restore plan, you can restore your data. Your organization must determine the following: What must be backed up? Understanding Backup Scheduling Backing up files requires time and resources. Before deciding on a backup plan, consider the following questions: How much data will be backed up?
Consider the following questions: How long will it take to restore data at each level of granularity? How long will a full hard disk image take to restore?
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How long would it take to return the whole network to its state three days ago? What process is most effective for each type of restore? But if you need to back up large amounts of data, use high-capacity devices, such as a RAID. It only saves the settings made in Server Preferences and Server Admin, and whether a service is on or off.
Mac OS X Server v Server Admin also lets you specify settings that support multiple services, such as creating and managing SSL certificates, manage file sharing, and specifying which users and groups can access services. Server Admin Interface The Server Admin interface is shown here, with each element explained in the following table.
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Server List: You select a computer for its overview and server settings. Main Work Area: This looks different for each service and for each context button selected. Available servers: All Servers: Server Assistant Server Assistant is used for: Server Assistant is opened from the Server menu of Server Admin.
The following menu items open the assistant: Workgroup Manager Interface The Workgroup Manager interface is shown here, with each element explained in the following table.
Server Admin: Settings Buttons: You can configure options such as if DNS names are resolved, if the Inspector is enabled, if you need to enter a search query to list records, and what the maximum number of displayed records is. To identify the Xserve computer to monitor, click Add Server, identify the server, and enter user name and password information for an administrator of the server. Users can use iCal Service Utility to set up information about shared resources and locations for use with iCal Service. From the Terminal application in Mac OS X, you can use the built-in UNIX shells sh, csh, tsh, zsh, bash to use tools for installing and setting up server software and for configuring and monitoring services.
Podcast Capture, Composer, and Producer Podcast Capture takes audio and video from a local or remote camera, captures screen activity, or uploads QuickTime files into Podcast Producer for encoding and distribution. Podcast Composer creates the workflow instructions for Podcast Producer. It simplifies the setup, monitoring, and maintenance of remote computers and lets you interact with users. The ARD interface is shown here.
Enhancing Security By vigilantly adhering to security policies and practices, you can minimize the threat to system integrity and data privacy. State-of-the-art, standards-based technologies protect your server, network, and data. About Network Security Network security is as important to data integrity as physical security.
Although someone might immediately see the need to lock down an expensive server, he or she might not immediately see the need to restrict access to the data on that same server. The following sections provide considerations, techniques, and technologies to assist you in securing your network. This allows an organization to provide services to the external network while protecting the internal network from being compromised by a host in the DMZ.
If someone compromises a DMZ host, he or she cannot connect to the internal network. The DMZ is often used to connect servers that need to be accessible from the external network or Internet, such as mail, web, and DNS servers.